Olt (river)

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Olt (river)

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Olt
Olt East Karpatien.jpg

The Avrig reservoir on the Olt
Raul Olt.png
Location
Country Romania
Counties HarghitaCovasnaBrașovSibiu,
VâlceaOltTeleorman
Cities Sfântu GheorgheRâmnicu VâlceaSlatina
Physical characteristics
Source Hășmaș Mountains
 • location BălanHarghita
 • elevation 1,440 m (4,720 ft)
Mouth Danube
 • location
near Turnu Măgurele
 • coordinates
43°42′46″N 24°48′1″ECoordinates43°42′46″N 24°48′1″E
Length 615 km (382 mi)
Basin size 24,050 km2 (9,290 sq mi)
Discharge
 • location *
 • average 190 m3/s (6,700 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Progression Danube→ Black Sea
Tributaries
 • left Râul NegruBârsaTopolog
 • right CormoșCibinLotruOlteț
River code VIII.1

The Olt (Romanian and HungarianGermanAltLatinAluta or AlutusTurkishOltuAncient GreekἌλυτος Alytos) is a river in Romania.[1][2] It is 615 km (382 mi) long, and its basin area is 24,050 km2 (9,290 sq mi).[2][3] It is the longest river flowing exclusively through Romania. Its source is in the Hășmaș Mountains of the eastern Carpathian Mountains, near Bălan, rising close to the headwaters of the river Mureș. It flows through the Romanian counties HarghitaCovasnaBrașovSibiuVâlcea and Olt. The river was known as Alutus or Aluta in Roman antiquity. Olt County and the historical province of Oltenia are named after the river.

Sfântu GheorgheRâmnicu Vâlcea and Slatina are the main cities on the river Olt. The Olt flows into the Danube river near Turnu Măgurele.

Towns and villages[edit]

Crossing the Olt river, 1869 watercolor by Amedeo Preziosi

The following towns and villages are situated along the river Olt, from source to mouth (incomplete list): BălanSândominicMiercurea CiucSfântu GheorgheFăgărașBrezoiCălimăneștiRâmnicu VâlceaDrăgășaniSlatinaDrăgănești-Olt.

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries of the river Olt (from source to mouth):[2]

Dams[edit]

For supply of drinking water and water for irrigation and for the production of hydroelectricity, 44 reservoirs have been built in the Olt river basin. There are 24 reservoirs for hydropower on the river Olt itself, and three on its tributary Lotru.[4] There are hydropower plants at (from source to mouth) Voila, Viștea, Arpaș, Scoreiu, Avrig, Gura Lotrului, Turnu, Călimănești, Dăești, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Râureni, Govora, Băbeni, Ionești, Zăvideni, Drăgășani, Strejești, Arcești, Slatina, Ipotești, Drăgănești, Frunzaru, Rusănești and Izbiceni. The total energy production of the 43 hydropower plants in the Olt basin was 2,980 GWh in 1996.[5]

Clickable map of the (ro:Defileul Oltului)/(en:Olt Defile) drainage basin[edit]

Lotrioara drainage basin Megieşul & Pleaşa drainages basins Mărul & Strâmba drainages basins Fratelui & Boul drainages basins Vadul drainage basin Vlad/Stupina/Valea Largă/Scaunelor drainage basin Curpănul & Coţii drainage basin Boia drainage basin Uria and Robeşti drainage basin Călineşti under construction Secu drainage basin Băiaşu drainage basin Lotrişor under construction Brădişor Lake Vidra Lake Latoriţa drainage basin Lotru under construction România Cindrel Mountains Făgăraş Mountains Cozia Massif Căpăţânii Mountains Parâng Mountains Şureanu Mountains Lotrului Mountains

Interactive map of the Olt Defile drainage basin. (Click on the desired quadrant.)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

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