Romula or Malva was an ancient city in Roman Dacia, later the village of Reşca, Dobrosloveni Commune, Olt County, Romania. It was the capital of Dacia Malvensis, one of the three subdivisions of the province of Dacia.
|Known also as||Castra of Reșca|
|Founded during the reign of||Trajan |
|Founded||2nd century AD|
|Abandoned||c. 6th-7th century|
|Attested by||Tabula Peutingeriana|
|Place in the Roman world|
|Capital of||Dacia Malvensis|
|Administrative unit||Dacia Malvensis|
|Administrative unit||Dacia Inferior|
|Directly connected to|
|— Stone structure —|
|Size and area||216 m × 183 m (3,9  ha)|
|— Wood and earth structure —|
|Built during the reign of||Trajan |
|Size and area||100 m × 100 m (1  ha)|
|Stationed military units|
|— Legions —|
|— Cohorts —|
|I Flavia Commagenorum |
|Excavation dates||1900 |
|Archaeologists||Pamfil Polonic |
The Roman city of Romula lay on an earlier Dacian settlement called Malva. It received the title of municipium during the rule of Hadrian (117–138) and the title of colonia during that of Septimius Severus (193–211).
The city had two belts of fortifications and two castra, where soldiers of the Legiones VII Claudia and XXII Primigenia were temporarily stationed, alongside a permanent unit (numerus) of Syrian archers.