Romula

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Romula

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Romula

Romula is located in Romania

Romula
Shown within Romania
Location Romania
Region Olt County
Coordinates 44.166667°N 24.4°E

Romula or Malva was an ancient city in Roman Dacia, later the village of Reşca, Dobrosloveni Commune, Olt CountyRomania. It was the capital of Dacia Malvensis, one of the three subdivisions of the province of Dacia.

History[edit]

Romula (castra)
Known also as Castra of Reșca
Founded during the reign of Trajan [1]
Founded 2nd century AD
Abandoned c. 6th-7th century
Attested by Tabula Peutingeriana
Place in the Roman world
Province Dacia
Capital of Dacia Malvensis
Administrative unit Dacia Malvensis
Administrative unit Dacia Inferior
Directly connected to
Structure
— Stone structure —
Size and area 216 m × 183 m (3,9 [1] ha)
— Wood and earth structure —
Built during the reign of Trajan [1]
Size and area 100 m × 100 m (1 [1] ha)
Stationed military units
— Legions —
— Cohorts —
I Flavia Commagenorum [2]
Location
Coordinates 44°10′N 24°24′E
Town Reşca
County Olt
Country  Romania
Site notes
Condition Ruined
Excavation dates 1900 [3]
Archaeologists Pamfil Polonic [3]

The Roman city of Romula lay on an earlier Dacian settlement called Malva. It received the title of municipium during the rule of Hadrian (117–138) and the title of colonia during that of Septimius Severus (193–211).

The city had two belts of fortifications and two castra, where soldiers of the Legiones VII Claudia and XXII Primigenia were temporarily stationed, alongside a permanent unit (numerus) of Syrian archers.

See also[edit]

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